Ride Report; Pony Express, Buckland Station to Sand Springs Station

Seeing for myself, sharing with others. In the sand south of Salt Wells Basin looking at the Cocoon Mountains

April 20, 2020- Bikepacking Roots put out a route scouting call to arms for Jan Bennett‘s mammoth undertaking of the Pony Express. I love riding with a purpose and I am a big fan of our local history so why not make it a point to ride our local portion of the historic route. Then I found myself scratching my head, why doesn’t the proposed route include what I have seen as the historic route on USGS maps? Is it blocked by the Fallon Naval Air Station or some other private property? Is there no follow-able path? Too hot without restocking opportunities? I figure I need to go see for myself.

Sunrise on the Carson River from the start of Simpson Road

I have ridden from Dayton State Park to Fort Churchill in the past so I figured I would Start at Buckland Station and ride to Sand Springs Station off US 50. The route follows Simpson Rd along the Desert Mountains and White Throne Mountains before crossing Simpson Pass between the Bunejug Mountains and Cocoon Mountains. I drew the route on Ride with GPS following the dashed lines on the USGS Topo scans (approximate of course) and I was off!

Looking west to the snow covered Sierras, Carson Range

I rolled out on Simpson Rd at sunrise. I was between the Carson River and the Desert Mountains. I know these first miles were on great dirt roads. Looking back at the snow capped Carson Range with the foreground in warm morning light really made me appreciate the opportunities we have to explore by bike in norther Nevada. I crossed my first gate and now I was in cattle country. The route climbs the low southern shoulder of the Dead Camel Mountains before it drops onto the flats of Carson Lake. The view of the sink from point demonstrated how the wrinkled alluvium from the surrounding mountains erodes away into the basins of the Basin and Range.

Probably the roughest section of road on a short rise in the Dead Camel Mountains
Looking over the Carson Sink and Carson Lake

This was my first encounter with sand. Until now I thought this could be done on a gravel bike. The sand was deep and soft enough that my plus sized tires were having difficulties. So I pushed. But I can’t help but to think, does this go on .2 miles? 2 miles? 20 miles? Luckily it was more of the first. Route finding was a little tricky in spots so I really appreciated the Pony Express carsonites, PX carsonites, and the concrete Pony Express memorials. The sand gave way to the playa of a once greater Carson Lake.

I get a lot of entertainment from these markers

I came across the site of the Carson Sink Pony Express Station. Nothing remains but the historical markers. But I noticed fresh water mollusk shells ground up on the trail. Then in some of the eroded ditches I noticed whole exposed clam shells. I was informed that the recent flooding was caused by the flooding of the desert by the “big dig” where the high sierra snow pack of 2017 was diverted to the Carson Sink.

Nesting birds in the White Throne Mountains

From there the route was not distinct to US 95 but I crossed the highway and continued along the alluvium that washed out of the White Throne Mountains. I stubbornly want to stay on the “dashed line” of the approximate route but the contours I was having to cross were a fight. Local ATV’s had made their routes out of necessity around these vertical ditches so eventually I followed their lead.

Working my way around the White Throne Mountains I came to the Wildcat Freight Station ruins complete with the explanation of the early route developer (1859) Capt. James Simpson, the namesake for Simpson Pass and Simpson Rd. Now I was looking across the Wildcat Scarp and Bass Flat playa.

Playas are good at erasing history’s tracks. Luckily there were a few makers hinting to my intended direction. Bass Flat is an example of of a soft slow playa, not a fast hard packed preferred option. Eventually I found if I followed the dried rivulets they may be windy but much faster. Eventually I made my way across the playa and was struck by the dunes to the south, Blow Sand Mountains.

Below Simpson Pass, Nevada Historic Marker
A concise history, many opportunities to read en route

Route finding to Simpson Pass was a little tricky. And then there was sand. It was “push your bike downhill” sand or at least “pedal hard in low gear downhill” sand. I was beginning to think my return ride might get long in the day. Cresting Simpson Pass I was looking at the Salt Wells Basin and geothermal plant. Again I had no idea how long the sand would last.

In the thick of it, wondering how much pushing would be on the return

I followed the Pony Express route along Eight Mile Flat to Four Mile Flat fighting the sand hoping for harder packed roads. I was not finding a solution. At this point I resolved to cross Four Mile Flat to US 50 for my return. On a previous tour I had visited Sand Springs Station so I wasn’t too heart broken not making it there today. I did have reservations about crossing Four Mile Flat, I have always seen water on it. For those not familiar with playas, it is a golden rule not to travel when wet. At times the surface may appear bone dry but just under the dust is mud that will get you stucker-than-stuck. But I had to try.

Sand Mountain in the distance
Not all playas are pancake flat surfaces, look before you leap

Crossing the playa was a mix of excitement and nervousness. The unique textures and contours of eroded mud capture my imagination of how winter rain and snow and summer thunderstorms shape this crazy landscape. So far so good, travel was efficient. This playa is home to a salt mine that has a service “jetty” sticking out in the salt flat. The only trick was there was a wet rivulet between me and my easy exit. After a bit of slipping and sliding in the strangest foul smelling clay mud I found a spot where I could cross.

Admiring the textures while crossing
Unique geological thumbprint

At this point I was home free! I just had about 55 miles to return on US 50 and Alt US 95 to get back to my car. I wasn’t sure I had that in my legs, or just how long that might take. I did call a friend to meet me along the route. I pedaled through Fallon, passing Azteca Grill and Bakery, a great place to stop for a burrito. Fallon has everything one needs for resupply except a bike shop. I continued along the Carson River and Lake Lahontan, home to Lahontan State Recreation Area, a Nevada State Park with camping. and then I was rescued about 20 miles from my starting point. It is great to be able to call a friend.

By the numbers: From Buckland Station to Sand Springs Station it is just over 50 miles with about 1,200′ of climbing. It is 100% dirt roads. In that distance there are about 12 miles of sand. Depending on the time of year that sand can be firm and rideable with wider tires, slow going with some hiking, or if the sand is very dry and has seen a lot of ATV traffic it could be so deep you are hiking most of it. So decisions must be made. There is a trade off in taking US 50 vs seeing the wild historic route. If you are out there and need to call a friend here is my cell: (775) 412-3465.

Buckland Station from earlier Fort Churchill visit

10 thoughts on “Ride Report; Pony Express, Buckland Station to Sand Springs Station

  1. Ron Graham

    What a great story! I can see from your bike that drinking water is very important on a long ride such as yours. I read all of the pics of signs that you posted regarding the PX.
    Carry-on historian, journalist and cyclist extraordinaire.

  2. 1highstreet

    Hello Kurstin — I am grateful for what you brought to the NevadaGram, and I’m writing now at the request of Joe McCarthy, a friend of mine who is at the helm of a new radio station/news service (Sierra Nevada Ally; Sierranevadaally.org ) in Carson City and seeking contributors. I don’t know if you would be interested in hearing from him, but if so he’d like to talk with you — shall I give him your contact info?

    I’m frustrated by having to shelter in place instead of cruising the sagebrush seas . . . but I am enjoying the chance to putter in depth — I’m resuming work on a stone wall that I ’set aside’ (it turns out you can’t exactly set an unfinished stone wall aside). The big challenge is including a round ‘bottle window’ in the unfinished wall — I’ll post a photo if it turns out all right.



  3. The Pony Express is such an example of bad timing. It has such a strong place in our image of what the old West was all about, with so many legends (both true and false), to have existed for such a short span of time. Thanks for the pics and history lesson of the trail and ruins in your area.

  4. Blake Heinlein

    Great writeup! It’s fun to see those geothermal plants out in the middle of nowhere. Ugg, the sand sounds like an energy sucker! I’m planning a bikepacking trip and want to take Amtrak from Sacramento to Winnemucca and then ride home through the High Rock Canyon area back down to Sierraville, then down the mountain to Sacramento. I would love to get your opinion on routes up in northern NV. Might be doing it in the next month. -Blake

    1. Sounds like a dream trip! Winnemucca to Sulfur to Black Rock Point to Solider Meadows to High Rock… or Winnemucca to Rye Patch Reservoir to … The heat is coming, do it soon, maybe plan on sitting out the heat of the day. If communicating by email is easier I am kursting@yahoo.com

  5. Pingback: Scouting: Simpson Pass to Highway 95 – Pony Express Ride

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  7. Pingback: Overnight; Pony Express, Carson Sink Station to Wildcat Freight Station – Bikepacking Northern Nevada

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